There are many things people at risk for COPD can do:
COPD inhalers are used as a part of COPD treatment. The inhalers have either a single medication or a combination of medications in one inhaler such as a bronchodilator, a corticosteroid, a combination of bronchodilators or a combination of bronchodilator and corticosteroid. Here are few brand names as follows: Advair, Symbicort, Pulmicort, Spiriva, Proventil, Atrovent and Combivent.
Signs and Symptoms:
Severe COPD can cause other symptoms, such as swelling in your ankles, feet, or legs weight loss and lower muscle endurance.
Your doctor will diagnose COPD based on your signs, symptoms, you medical history and your test results.
The most important treatment if you are a smoker is to stop smoking immediately. Your healthcare provider may prescribe medicines that widen the breathing tubes (bronchodilators), reduce swelling in the breathing tubes (anti-inflammatory drugs) or treat infection (antibiotics).
Aerosol Therapy: Aerosol therapy is the process of dispensing particles of medication in a fine spray or mist by way of a nebulizer or inhaler. The medications frequently used during this process are bronchodilators.
Oxygen Therapy: Supplemental oxygen therapy is often helpful to people who have a low level of oxygen in their blood. You will need to be assessed first by a respiratory medicine specialist who will test your lung function to see if you would benefit from oxygen therapy
COPD is chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. COPD is a long-term lung disease often caused by smoking. People with COPD have difficulties breathing, primarily due to the narrowing of their airways, called airflow obstruction.
Typical symptoms of COPD include: increasing breathlessness when active, a persistent cough with phlegm and frequent chest infections. It usually affects people over the age of 35, although most people are not diagnosed until they are in their fifties. COPD is usually diagnosed after a consultation with your doctor, which may be followed by breathing tests.
COPD, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
COPD is the 3rd leading cause of death in the United States and a serious lung disease that over time makes it hard to breathe. You may have heard COPD called other names, like emphysema or chronic bronchitis. In people who have COPD, the airways—tubes that carry air in and out of your lungs—are partly blocked, which makes it hard to get air in and out.
Symptoms of COPD include:
When COPD is severe, shortness of breath and other symptoms can get in the way of doing even the most basic tasks, such as doing light housework, taking a walk, and even bathing and getting dressed. COPD develops slowly, and can worsen over time, so be sure to report any symptoms you might have to your doctor or healthcare provider as soon as possible, no matter how mild they may seem.
Most people who are at risk for getting COPD have never even heard of it and, in many cases, don’t even realize that the condition has a name. Some of the things that put you at risk for COPD include:
Everyone at risk for COPD who has a cough, sputum production or shortness of breath, should be tested for the disease. The test for COPD is called spirometry. Spirometry can detect COPD before symptoms become severe. It is a simple, noninvasive breathing test that measures the amount of air a person can blow out of the lungs (volume) and how fast he or she can blow it out (flow). Based on this test, your doctor or healthcare provider can tell if you have COPD, and if so, how severe it is. The spirometry reading can help determine the best course of treatment.
Dr. Rakesh Gupta M.D
Director of Sleep Disorders Center, Providence, RI.